Conveyor Terms And Definitions Glossary

Welcome to the Conveyor Terminology Glossary. This comprehensive guide is designed to help you navigate the world of conveyors by providing clear explanations of industry-specific terminology. Whether you are new to the field or a seasoned professional, this glossary will serve as a valuable resource, offering insights into various industry jargon. From “conveyor belt” to other essential terms, our goal is to demystify the language of conveyors and enhance your understanding of these essential systems. Whether you are looking to resolve differences in terminology or simply expand your knowledge, we invite you to explore the diverse range of terms covered in this guide.
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Abrasion Resistance: The distinctive capability of conveyor components, particularly belts, to endure the erosive impact of friction and material forces over time.

Accelerometer: An innovative device employed for gauging acceleration and vibrations within conveyor components, offering valuable insights into potential operational challenges.

Accumulating Conveyor: Any conveyor system strategically engineered to facilitate the systematic accumulation of materials, whether it utilizes rollers, live rollers, belts, or gravity-driven mechanisms.

Adhesive Wear: The wearing down of conveyor components due to the cohesive bonding and material transfer between surfaces, often affecting the overall integrity of the system.

Adjustable Speed Drive: A sophisticated apparatus empowering the adjustment of conveyor belt speed, thereby optimizing control and operational efficiency to meet varying demands.

Air Knife: A cutting-edge device utilizing compressed air to expeditiously eliminate debris and carry it back from the conveyor belt’s surface, ensuring a cleaner and more efficient conveyor operation.

Alignment Sensor: A precision sensor designed to identify and signal any deviations or misalignments in the positioning of the conveyor belt, promoting operational stability.

Alignment: The meticulous process of calibrating and confirming the precise positioning of conveyor components to uphold the smooth and uninterrupted motion of the conveyor belt.

Alligator Lacing: A distinctive belt-fastening method executed with a hammer, seamlessly joining the belt ends to create a continuous loop, enhancing the durability and reliability of the conveyor system.

Analysis Software: Advanced computer programs tailored for scrutinizing data derived from conveyor sensors and systems, enabling the identification of trends, patterns, and potential issues for proactive maintenance.

Anti-Seize Compound: A specialized lubricant meticulously applied to fasteners and components, acting as a safeguard against seizing or corrosion, thereby ensuring the longevity and optimal performance of the conveyor system.

Arc Flash: An intricate electrical phenomenon involving a hazardous discharge or explosion, underscoring the critical importance of stringent safety measures during maintenance activities to prevent potential accidents.

Area Classification: The systematic categorization of different zones within the conveyor system based on the potential presence of explosive or hazardous materials, facilitating the implementation of targeted safety measures.

Asset Management: A methodical approach to overseeing, maintaining, and optimizing conveyor components, aimed at extending their lifespan and maximizing operational efficiency over time.

Asset Registry Management: The comprehensive organization and tracking of conveyor system components within the CMMS. This management process includes maintaining detailed records of specifications, installation dates, and historical maintenance data for each asset.

Audit Trail and Accountability: A feature within the CMMS that maintains a detailed record (audit trail) of all changes, activities, and transactions related to conveyor system maintenance. This enhances accountability, transparency, and the ability to trace actions over time.

Automatic Lubrication System: An innovative system designed to automatically dispense lubricants to conveyor components at scheduled intervals, effectively minimizing friction and wear for prolonged equipment lifespan.

Automation: The seamless integration of automated systems into conveyor operations, encompassing monitoring, control, and maintenance functions, to enhance efficiency and operational reliability.

Axle: A stationary shaft upon which wheels or rollers are mounted, contributing to the smooth and controlled movement of the conveyor system.




Back Pressure: The resistance applied to a package, exerting force to halt its motion or that of a collection of packages.

Backstop: An essential mechanical or electrical device strategically preventing the reverse movement of the conveyor belt for the sake of safety.

Backup Rollers: Specially positioned rollers located behind the primary idlers, offering supplementary support to the conveyor belt and necessitating routine inspection.

Backup Tube or Channel: A stabilizing mechanism providing structural support for the conveyor frame along its length, ensuring overall system stability.

Bag Flattener: An ingenious mounting assembly designed to invert one conveyor over another, effectively compressing or flattening the conveyed product.

Ball Table: A setup featuring ball transfers that enables the smooth movement of flat-surfaced objects in any desired direction.

Ball Transfer Mat: An elevated flooring incorporating walkable ball transfers, designed for the manual movement of heavy loads and pallets.

Ball Transfer Table: A flatbed equipped with rows of balls to facilitate the guided movement of flat items in a specified direction.

Ball Transfer: A specialized device where a larger ball is securely mounted and retained on a hemispherical face comprised of smaller balls.

Bare Pulley: A pulley lacking any surface covering or lagging, presenting the unadorned pulley surface.

Bearing: A vital machine component designed to securely hold shafts, axles, and pins while allowing them to rotate freely.

Bearing Lubrication: The meticulous application of lubricants to reduce friction on conveyor bearings, ensuring optimal and smooth operation.

Bearing Mount: An assembly consisting of a housing and threading to which bearings are attached, forming a crucial part of the conveyor system.

Bearing Replacement: The periodic removal and substitution of conveyor bearings to preemptively counteract potential equipment failure.

Bed: The supportive surface of a conveyor system where the load either rests or slides while being conveyed.

Bed Length: Refers to the cumulative length of bed sections needed to construct the conveyor, excluding pulleys and associated components.

Bed Width: Denotes the overall width of the bed section within a conveyor system, playing a crucial role in load support.

Belt: A dynamic and pliable band strategically encircling two or more pulleys, strategically positioned to facilitate the transmission of motion, power, or materials from one point to another within the conveyor system.

Belt Cleaner: An instrumental device designed for the meticulous removal of material residue from the conveyor belt, preventing accumulation and ensuring sustained efficiency.

Belt Scraper: A functional apparatus, typically comprising a blade or brush, methodically applied to the in-motion conveyor belt, systematically dislodging and eliminating materials adhering to its surface.

Belt Speed: The measurable rate at which the conveyor belt traverses a specific point in a predetermined time span, frequently denoted in ‘feet per minute,’ crucial for assessing operational efficiency.

Belt Splicing: A meticulous procedure involving the connection of the conveyor belt ends, orchestrating the formation of an unbroken and cohesive loop; this intricate process employs techniques like vulcanization or the utilization of mechanical fasteners for secure and durable linkage.

Belt Tracking: The continuous fine-tuning of the conveyor belt’s alignment to prevent deviations, ensuring a persistent and precise positioning throughout its operational cycle.

Belt-Speed: The dynamic pace at which the conveyor belt advances past a specific point within a predetermined temporal framework, conventionally expressed in feet per minute, offering a vital metric for gauging operational efficiency.

Between-Rail Width: Indicating the open expanse between the frame rails within a conveyor system, intricately determining the structural blueprint of the system and influencing its overall design.

Bolt Torque: The intentional application of precise rotational force to bolts during the installation process, serving to prevent inadvertent loosening and ensuring a steadfast and secure fastening.

Booster Conveyor:A powered conveyor specifically deployed to recover lost elevation in gravity roller or wheel conveyor lines, actively contributing to augmented overall system efficiency.

Brake Motor: A specialized device typically affixed to a motor shaft between the motor and reducer, featuring automatic engagement mechanisms that activate when the electric current is interrupted or fails.

Brake Rollers: Brakes, either air or mechanically-operated, strategically positioned beneath roller conveyors, with the primary function of decelerating or halting packages during the conveyance process.

Bucket Elevator: A vertical conveyor system meticulously designed for the vertical transportation of bulk materials, necessitating periodic inspection and maintenance to ensure sustained functionality and reliability.

Bulk Material Handling: The intricate process of transporting materials in bulk on conveyors, demanding specialized maintenance protocols to mitigate wear and optimize efficiency.

Bushing: A general term referring to a bearing used for specific applications within the conveyor system, contributing to overall functionality.

Bushing Retainer Clip: A securing clip employed to stabilize a bushing in the absence of a cover, ensuring its proper positioning within the conveyor system.

Butt Coupling: Essential components designed to connect various conveyor sections seamlessly, ensuring a continuous and integrated system.  


Carryback: Residual material persistently adhering to the conveyor belt, making its way back along the return side; necessitates the implementation of cleaning and removal mechanisms to maintain optimal conveyor functionality.

Caster: Wheels strategically mounted in a fork, either rigid or swivel, providing support and portability to conveyors. Explore our caster section for insights into industrial applications.

Castors: Specially designed wheels affixed to the base of larger objects to facilitate movement.

Catenary Load: The dynamic force imposed on a conveyor belt by the weight of the conveyed material, influencing tension and demanding meticulous monitoring.

Catenary Sag: The inherent sag or curvature of the conveyor belt between two points, requiring periodic adjustments to ensure optimal tension.

Ceiling Hangers: Steel rods affixed to the ceiling, providing support for conveyors to maximize floor space or when floor support is insufficient.

Center Drive: A drive assembly typically located beneath, often at the center of the conveyor, but adaptable to various positions in the conveyor length. Commonly used in applications involving reversing or incline movement.

Chain: A series of pivotally linked elements forming a medium for conveying or transmitting motion and power.

Chain Conveyor: A conveyance system utilizing one or more chains during operation.

Chain Drive:A mechanism transmitting mechanical energy to conveyor wheels, comprising a drive chain and sprockets.

Chain Guard: A protective covering for drive or conveyor chains, implemented for safety reasons.

Chain Roller Conveyor: A conveyor featuring tread rollers with attached sprockets, driven by a chain.

Chute: A passage or channel designed to guide material flow from one conveyor to another or a specific destination; necessitates periodic inspection for blockages and wear.

Clamshell Gate: A pivotal gate integrated into a conveyor system, designed for controlled opening and closing; regular inspections are essential to ensure proper functionality and prevent potential material spillage.

Cleaning System: Dedicated equipment and mechanisms, including brushes or scrapers, focused on preserving the cleanliness of conveyor components; regular maintenance is imperative to prevent material build-up and ensure optimal performance.

Cleat Height: The vertical measurement of raised portions (cleats) on a conveyor belt, demanding periodic checks for wear and precise positioning.

Cleats: An attachment affixed to the conveying surface, serving various purposes such as pushing, supporting, checking, or tripping, aiding in the smooth movement of material along the conveyor path.

Cleated Belt: A belt equipped with cleats featuring elevated sections, ensuring the firm positioning of units during travel on slopes.

Cleated Belt Conveyor: A belt designed with uniformly spaced raised sections to stabilize material flow, particularly effective on inclined belts; cleats may be an integral part of the belt or attached separately.

Clipper Lacing: Lacing method involves the use of a clipper lacing machine to attach lacing securely to the conveyor belt.

Closed Conveyor System: A conveyor system enclosed within a structure, demanding specialized maintenance to uphold optimal functionality and prevent material spillage.

Clutch Drive: A drive mechanism facilitating the disengagement of the motor from the reducer without stopping the motor or cutting power.

Clutch-Drive Brake: A drive system enabling the disengagement of the motor from the reducer and an immediate halt to conveyor movement without stopping the motor or cutting power.

CMMS: Abbreviation for Computerized Maintenance Management Systems, software designed for facilities and maintenance managers to organize, track, and optimize various processes within maintenance operations.

Coarse Pitch: The roller center spacing, measures 37mm (1.458″), or 28 shafts per meter.

Coasting Distance: The distance a conveyor system continues to move after the power is turned off, requiring consideration for safety and operational planning.

Collapsible Conveyor: A flexible and expandable conveyor system, demanding regular checks to ensure the proper functioning of extension and retraction mechanisms.

Constant Speed Drive: A transmission type requiring constant speed input, typically composed of a hydraulic transmission with mechanical controls.

Continuous Miner: A sophisticated mining apparatus seamlessly integrating a conveyor system, demanding meticulous, recurrent maintenance for optimal operational efficiency.

Continuous Integration Splice: A technique for seamlessly joining the ends of a conveyor belt without mechanical fasteners, demanding skilled installation and recurrent inspections.

Continuous Weighing: The dynamic process of real-time material flow measurement on a conveyor belt, requiring periodic calibrations and vigilant checks to maintain a high level of precision.

Control Panel:The central command hub orchestrating and surveilling conveyor systems, necessitating regular scrutiny of electrical components, switches, and overall operational efficacy.

Controlled Flow Conveyor:A purpose-built conveyor system engineered for methodical material flow regulation, prompting systematic inspections to ensure unwavering system integrity and meticulous material control.

Converging: A dedicated segment on roller or wheel conveyors where two independent conveyors harmoniously intersect, ensuring a smooth amalgamation into a singular conveyor path.

Conveying Surface: The operative area of a conveyor system where materials are transported, typically a flat or contoured structure supporting the items being conveyed. Regular inspections are essential to ensure its integrity, assess wear, and guarantee optimal functionality throughout the conveyor’s operation.

Conveyor Belt Scale: A precision-engineered system designed for meticulous material weighing on the conveyor belt, mandating recurrent calibrations and checks to preserve and verify accuracy.

Conveyor Belt: A perpetually moving band, crafted from diverse materials like fabric, rubber, or metal, facilitating seamless object transport from one location to another; necessitates routine inspections for wear patterns, alignment, and splicing integrity.

Conveyor Diverters: Ingeniously crafted mechanisms for guiding materials away from their current conveyor path to another, demanding regular inspections to ascertain continuous functionality and proper alignment.

Conveyor Diverter Valve: A sophisticated mechanism designed to redirect material flow from one conveyor path to another, prompting periodic inspections to ensure seamless functioning.

Conveyor Frame: The foundational skeletal structure providing support to the conveyor belt, necessitating periodic scrutiny for alignment precision, structural robustness, and preemptive identification of potential damage.

Conveyor Guarding: An ensemble of protective barriers and devices strategically positioned to forestall access to moving components of a conveyor system, necessitating routine inspections for compliance and continual evaluation of the effectiveness of these protective measures.

Conveyor Idler: Rollers or a set of rollers providing support and guidance to the conveyor belt, demanding regular inspections for alignment, wear, and lubrication to ensure efficient operation.

Conveyor Impact Bed: A dedicated component designed to absorb the impact of material loading onto the conveyor belt, necessitating frequent inspections for wear and optimal functionality.

Conveyor Merge: The juncture where materials from diverse conveyors merge into a single flow, requiring checks to ensure seamless merging and proper alignment.

Conveyor Pulley: A rotating cylindrical component guiding and supporting the conveyor belt, demanding routine inspections for wear, balance, and precise alignment to maintain operational efficiency.

Conveyor Skid Plate: A protective plate situated on the underside of the conveyor belt to minimize friction and wear, necessitating periodic inspections to ensure continued effectiveness.

Conveyor Skirt Board: A protective barrier along the sides of the conveyor belt to prevent material spillage, requiring inspections for wear patterns and ongoing effectiveness.

Conveyor Transition: The section where the conveyor belt shifts from a flat profile to a troughed profile, necessitating checks to ensure smooth material transfer.

Conveyor Trough: he channel-shaped enclosure housing the conveyor belt, necessitating inspections for material spillage, wear, and alignment to maintain optimal conveyor functionality.

Conveyor Walkway: An elevated walkway for maintenance personnel along the conveyor’s length, demanding regular inspections for safety and structural integrity.

Cooling Conveyor: A specialized conveyor system designed to cool materials during transportation, necessitating checks for cooling mechanisms and the condition of the conveyor belt.

Corrugated Belt: A conveyor belt featuring a corrugated profile for enhanced flexibility and improved material containment, requiring checks for wear patterns and proper alignment.

Counter-Current Conveyor:A conveyor system with material flow direction opposing the conveyor belt’s movement, requiring checks for proper alignment and effective material control.

Counter-Rotating: Conveyors with opposing rotational directions, necessitating regular alignment checks and maintenance to prevent interference.

Counter-Weight Take-Up: A tensioning device utilizing a counterweight to maintain proper belt tension, necessitating periodic adjustments for optimal performance.

Counterweight: A weight employed to balance the load on the conveyor belt, requiring periodic adjustments to ensure consistent and proper tension.

Cross Belt Magnet: A device used for removing ferrous materials from the conveyor belt, demanding routine checks to uphold its proper functioning.

Cross-Bracing: Diagonally positioned rods and turnbuckles across roller bed or live roller conveyors, enhancing frame squareness crucial for precise tracking.

Crossover: A concise conveyor section inserted when the drive switches to the opposite side, distinct from conveyor crossover structures designed for personnel crossing, requiring precise installation considerations.

Crowned Pulley: A pulley system tapering at both ends and dipping in the middle to aid belt tracking, featuring periodic checks for effectiveness.

Crowning: The deliberate shaping of conveyor pulleys to facilitate belt tracking and prevent misalignment, necessitating regular assessments for ongoing effectiveness.

Crowned Pulley: A pulley uniquely tapering equally from both ends toward the center, with the greatest diameter at the midpoint.

Curve Conveyor: A versatile wheel, roller, or belt conveyor designed to curve at specific sections, preserving seamless product flow and adapting to spatial needs, requiring specialized maintenance.

Cutting Blade:A tool essential for belt splicing or repair, demanding regular inspections for sharpness and consistent effectiveness.

Cycle Time: The duration for a complete cycle of conveyor operation, necessitating continuous monitoring for efficiency and identification of potential bottlenecks.

Cyclical Loading: The repetitive loading and unloading of materials on the conveyor, demanding regular inspections for wear, alignment, and sustained structural integrity.




Damping System: Mechanisms or components crafted to minimize vibrations and oscillations in the conveyor system, prompting routine checks to ensure continued effectiveness.

Dead Plate: A stationary surface integrated into the conveyor for material accumulation or redirection, demanding periodic assessments for wear and proper alignment.

Decline Conveyor:A conveyor system where pallets and products travel on a downward slope, requiring specialized maintenance for smooth operation.

Deflection Drum: A drum strategically employed to redirect the conveyor belt, necessitating occasional inspections for wear, alignment, and seamless operation.

Degree of Incline: The angle at which a conveyor system slopes upward, demanding precise adjustments and regular checks.

Detachable Chain Link: A chain link designed for easy detachment during maintenance or replacement, requiring periodic inspections for wear and secure attachment.

Differential Curve: A segmented section of a curved conveyor featuring multiple side-by-side roller rows, requiring regular checks for smooth material flow.

Discharge Chute: A designed channel for materials to exit the conveyor, requiring periodic inspections to ensure proper flow and prevent material buildup.

Discharge End: The location on a conveyor where goods are removed for further processing, necessitating efficient material flow and regular inspections.

Diverter Gate: A gate or flap controlling the flow of materials on the conveyor, demanding inspections for smooth operation and effective material diversion.

Diverter: A mechanism redirecting materials from one conveyor path to another, necessitating regular checks for proper functioning and alignment.

Diverting Conveyor: A conveyor system used to move products to different areas for sorting or processing, requiring specialized maintenance.

Document Control and Compliance: Using the CMMS to manage and control documentation related to conveyor system maintenance, including manuals, procedures, and compliance records. This ensures that maintenance activities adhere to industry standards and regulatory requirements.

Double Pitch Roller Chain: A roller chain type with longer pitch links, necessitating regular lubrication and inspections for wear in conveyor applications.

Doughnut Rollers: Circular rollers with a central opening supporting and guiding the conveyor belt, requiring periodic checks for wear and alignment.

Drag Chain Conveyor: A conveyor where the open links of a chain drag material along the bottom of a housing, requiring regular inspections for chain wear, lubrication, and overall system integrity.

Drip Pan Conveyor: A conveyor with a built-in drip pan to catch and contain liquid spillage, necessitating regular cleaning and inspections.

Drive: Unit used to provide movement power for a conveyor. Parts generally include motor and reducer, chain, sprockets, and more.

Drive Alignment: The process of ensuring proper alignment between the drive pulley and other conveyor components, demanding regular inspections to prevent belt misalignment.

Drive Chain: The mechanical link transmitting power in chain-driven conveyor systems, requires regular lubrication and tension adjustments.

Drive Pulley: The pulley is responsible for transmitting power to the conveyor belt, requiring periodic assessments for wear, balance, and alignment.

Drive Unit: The motorized component propelling the conveyor belt, necessitating regular inspections for optimal performance.

Drive Unit Tensioner: A device maintaining proper tension in the conveyor belt, requiring periodic adjustments to prevent slack or excessive tension.

Dust Collection System: Equipment capturing and removing dust generated during conveyor operations, demanding regular maintenance to uphold air quality and prevent system clogging.

Dutchman: A short section of the belt with lacing in a conveyor belt, removable when take-up provision has been exceeded, necessitating periodic checks.

Dynamic Braking System: A braking system slows down or stops the conveyor belt, requiring regular maintenance for proper functionality and safety.

Dynamic Impact Bed: A specialized component absorbing and mitigating the impact of material loading onto the conveyor belt, necessitating periodic inspections for wear and effective functionality.

Dynamic Load: The varying load on the conveyor system during operation, necessitates continuous monitoring and adjustments for optimal performance.

Dynamic Start/Stop Control :A control system managing the gradual starting and stopping of the conveyor, requiring regular adjustments for optimal performance and reduced wear.

Dynamic Weighing System: A system integrated into the conveyor for real-time measurement of material weight during transit, demanding regular calibrations for accuracy.




Enterprise Asset Oversight (EAO): The holistic strategy for managing the entire lifespan of physical assets, integrating measures for optimized utilization, cost-effectiveness, heightened quality, and efficiency, along with safeguarding health, safety, and environmental standards.

Eccentricity Degree: The extent of deviation of a pulley’s center from its true axis, demanding routine assessments to maintain alignment and prevent misalignment issues for sustained smooth operation.

Electronic Zero Strain Logic (EZSL): A sophisticated electronic control system designed for zero pressure accumulation conveyor systems, necessitating recurrent evaluations to ensure continued functionality and optimal system performance.

Emergency Activation Cord: A specially coated cord running parallel to the conveyor system, deployable in emergencies to swiftly halt conveyor operations, often paired with an Emergency Stop Switch.

Emergency Pull Cord: A cord that runs alongside the conveyor system and can be deployed to stop the conveyor for emergencies and malfunctions.

Emergency Shutdown (Stop) Switch: An electrical mechanism strategically placed to instantaneously cease conveyor functions during emergency situations, typically used alongside an Emergency Activation Cord.

Emergency Halt Mechanism: A safety feature enabling the immediate cessation of conveyor operations in emergency scenarios, necessitating regular tests and inspections to ensure continual reliability.

End-Drive Conveyor System:A conveyor configuration with the drive unit situated at one end, requiring periodic checks to uphold proper alignment and ensure the system’s efficient operation.

End Pulley:The pulley at the discharge or delivery end of the conveyor, necessitates regular inspections for wear, balance, and alignment.

Endpoint Drum: The pulley positioned at the discharge or delivery end of a conveyor, which undergoes periodic inspections to evaluate wear, and balance, and ensure proper alignment.

Endless Splice: The technique used to connect the terminals of a conveyor belt, creating an unbroken loop without relying on mechanical fasteners. This process requires expert installation and regular inspections.

Ergonomics: The field of study dedicated to designing conveyor systems and workspaces to improve worker safety, comfort, and efficiency. Ongoing assessments and enhancements are essential components of this discipline.

Endpoint Drum: The pulley positioned at the discharge or delivery end of a conveyor, which undergoes periodic inspections to evaluate wear, balance, and ensure proper alignment.

Ergonomic Optimization: The ongoing study and implementation of design principles to enhance worker safety, comfort, and efficiency within conveyor systems and work environments, requiring continual assessments and enhancements.

Enterprise Asset Mastery (EAM): An integrated methodology for overseeing the complete lifecycle of physical assets, designed to optimize utilization, enhance cost efficiency, elevate quality standards, ensure health and safety, and safeguard environmental well-being.

Excess Wear: The gradual loss of material due to friction, abrasion, or other factors, requiring regular inspections and maintenance to prevent equipment failure.

Expansion Joint: A flexible connection between conveyor sections to accommodate thermal expansion, demanding periodic checks for proper functioning.

Extendable Conveyor: A conveyor equipped with wheels or rollers that allows for adjustable length, extending up to 40 feet.

External Armor Layer: A protective coating applied to conveyor components exposed to external wear, requiring periodic scrutiny and timely replacement to sustain optimal performance.

Extendable Transport Module: A specialized roller or wheel conveyor equipped with the flexibility to be extended or retracted within defined limits, catering to evolving operational demands. Standard extensions come in lengths of 20 ft., 30 ft., and 40 ft., necessitating periodic assessments and adjustments.

External Shielding Overlay: A protective covering strategically applied to shield conveyor components from external wear, prompting systematic inspections and timely replacement whenever necessary.

External Wear Liner: A protective layer applied to conveyor components exposed to external wear, requiring regular inspections and replacement as needed.

Eyebolt Bolt: A bolt featuring a looped head, designed for lifting or attaching components within the conveyor system, warranting inspections to validate proper installation and sustained structural integrity.

Eyelet Linkage (Splice): A sophisticated technique for securely joining the ends of a conveyor belt using a looped connection, requiring adept installation and regular assessments to monitor wear and ensure ongoing security.

EZLogic:Electronic Zero Pressure Logic for zero pressure accumulation conveyor systems.




Face Width: The measurement across the outer face of the pulley on the conveyor belt, demands periodic checks for alignment and wear to ensure optimal performance.

False Brinelling: A type of bearing damage resulting from small oscillations during rest periods, necessitating regular inspections to prevent premature wear.

Fastener Plate: A metal plate integral to mechanical belt fastening systems, requiring regular inspections for secure attachment and wear resistance.

Feeder Conveyor: A conveyor responsible for transferring materials onto a main conveyor, necessitating periodic checks for proper feeding and alignment.

Finger Guard: Protective barriers or devices designed to prevent personnel from accessing moving parts of a conveyor, necessitating routine checks for compliance and effectiveness.

Fixed End: The point on a conveyor system where components are permanently secured, requiring occasional checks for stability and proper attachment.

Fixed Guard: Stationary protective barriers installed on conveyors to prevent access to hazardous areas, requiring regular inspections for integrity and compliance.

Flapper Gate: An articulated or pivoting plate strategically employed to guide material selectively on a conveyor system, demanding periodic evaluations for precise functioning.

Flat Surface Pulley: A pulley featuring a straight cylindrical drum face, devoid of crown contours, requiring regular inspections for wear, equilibrium, and proper alignment.

Flexible Conveyor: A conveyor system with movable sections for adaptable material handling, requiring regular inspections for flexibility, alignment, and overall functionality.

Flexible Joint Expansion:A resilient link connecting conveyor sections, engineered to accommodate thermal expansion, necessitating periodic examinations to uphold proper functioning and prevent issues.

Flights: Protrusions or cleats attached to the conveyor belt to assist in material transport, requiring periodic inspections for wear and proper alignment.

Flow Rail: Channels or rails facilitating the smooth movement of materials in a gravity conveyor system, necessitating checks for proper flow and alignment.

Flow-through Tail: The design of a conveyor tail allows materials to pass through, demanding inspections for smooth operation and potential blockages.

Fluent Conveying:  conveying method that allows materials to move seamlessly on the conveyor, requiring regular assessments for smooth flow and minimal friction.

Fluted Rollers: Rollers with a grooved or ribbed surface to enhance material grip, necessitating periodic checks for wear, alignment, and proper functionality.

FPM (Feet per Minute): The abbreviation for “feet per minute,” a unit of measurement for conveyor speed.

Frame Alignment: The adjustment of conveyor frame components to maintain straight and parallel alignment, necessitating routine checks to prevent misalignment issues.

Frame Spacer: Cross connections strategically employed to ensure appropriate separation between the frame rails in a conveyor system, necessitating routine assessments for stability and alignment.

Frame Support Structure: The framework provides essential support to the machinery components of a conveyor, demanding regular inspections to uphold structural integrity and alignment.

Friction Drive System: A propulsion mechanism reliant on the interaction of the conveyor belt with the drive pulley, demanding frequent inspections for wear and proper tension to ensure optimal functionality.

Friction Roller: Rollers provide additional traction to the conveyor belt, necessitating periodic checks for wear, alignment, and smooth operation.

Full Load Amperage: The electrical current drawn by the conveyor motor under peak load conditions, necessitating continuous monitoring, and periodic checks to maintain motor health and operational efficiency.



GATE: A conveyor segment equipped with a hinge mechanism, creating an opening for walkway access, operated manually or with a spring-loaded mechanism.

Gate Opening: A section of the conveyor system that facilitates an access point for human operators to pass through.

Gear Motor Unit: An integrated motor and gearbox unit providing power to the conveyor system. Regular inspections are essential to ensure proper functioning and alignment.

Gearmotor Device: A mechanism converting electrical energy to mechanical energy through the gearbox, operating at a reduced speed.

Gradual Material Erosion: The progressive loss of material due to friction and abrasion, requiring systematic inspections and maintenance to prevent equipment failure.

Gravity Bracket: Brackets are designed for the attachment of gravity conveyors to the ends of powered conveyors.

Gravity Conveyor System: A non-powered conveyor system relying on gravity for material movement, requiring periodic checks for proper flow and alignment.

Gravity Roller: Rollers in a gravity conveyor system that use gravity to move materials, requiring inspections for wear, alignment, and smooth operation.

Guard Rail: Protective barriers or rails installed along the conveyor to prevent materials from straying, requiring regular inspections for stability and effectiveness.

Guard Rail Barriers: Barriers run along the conveyor’s length to prevent obstruction and impact, necessitating routine checks for stability and effectiveness.

Guide Roller: Rollers are designed to guide and support the conveyor belt, necessitating regular checks for wear, alignment, and smooth operation.




Hazard Evaluation: The methodical process of recognizing, evaluating, and addressing potential hazards in a conveyor system to implement suitable safety measures, necessitating consistent updates and adjustments to address evolving conditions.

Head Drive Conveyor: A conveyor system with the drive unit positioned at the discharge end, demanding periodic assessments for precise alignment and efficient operation to guarantee optimal performance.

Head Pulley: The pulley at the discharge or delivery end of the conveyor, requires regular evaluations for wear, balance, and alignment to sustain dependable functionality.

Herringbone Wing: Cleats on a conveyor belt arranged in a V-shape pattern for improved material grip, necessitating evaluations for wear, alignment, and overall condition to uphold effective material transport.

Hog Rings: Circular mechanisms that securely grip a shaft inside a roller, demanding consistent checks for tightness and integrity to prevent roller malfunction.

Hold Down Mechanism: Devices used to secure objects on a conveyor and prevent unintended movement, necessitating regular evaluations for proper functioning and adjustments based on material characteristics.

Horizontal Conveyor: A conveyor system featuring a flat or low incline profile, requiring periodic evaluations to ensure proper alignment and material flow for the maintenance of smooth operation.

Horizontal Floor Space: The spatial requirement for housing and storing a conveyor system, demands consideration for efficient space utilization and accessibility.

Horsepower Metric (HP): A quantification of the time rate of doing work, defined as the force required to raise 33,000 pounds by one foot in one minute. In electrical terms, one horsepower is equivalent to 746 watts, prompting the need for calculations to guide motor selection and ensure operational efficiency.

Hydraulic Conveyor: A conveyor system utilizing hydraulic power for material movement, demanding inspections for fluid levels, leaks, and overall functionality to prevent system failure.

Hydraulic Take-Up: A tensioning device in a conveyor system that uses hydraulic pressure to maintain belt tension, requiring regular checks for fluid levels and system integrity to ensure proper tension control.

HZ (Hertz): Electrical terminology, a unit of frequency equal to one cycle per second, necessitating consideration for motor specifications and power supply compatibility.




Incline Conveyor: A conveyor system specifically designed with an upward slope to facilitate the efficient transport of materials. Periodic inspections are essential to ensure proper alignment, maintain optimal belt tension, and uphold overall functionality. This type of conveyor is also known as an extendible or flexing conveyor.

Incline Conveyor Length: This is determined by evaluating the elevation change from the infeed to discharge points in relation to the degree of incline. Understanding and measuring this length is crucial for proper conveyor system design and performance.

Indexing: The process of separating a designated quantity of products from a larger group, typically achieved with a singulation-specific indexer conveyor. This ensures precise control and organization of materials during the conveying process.

Infeed End: The end of a conveyor system located closest to the loading point, where materials are introduced onto the conveyor. Regular inspections are necessary to maintain efficient material transfer.

Intermediate Bed: A central section of the conveyor that does not house the drive or tail assemblies. Periodic assessments of the intermediate bed contribute to overall conveyor system maintenance.

Interpolate: The action of calculating intermediate measurements within a given range. This process is essential for maintaining accuracy and consistency in conveyor system operations.

Incremental Erosion: The gradual depletion of material due to factors like friction and abrasion, requiring systematic inspections and maintenance to prevent equipment failure and ensure prolonged functionality.

Infeed Conveyor: A conveyor responsible for introducing materials into a production or processing line, demanding regular checks for consistent material flow and proper alignment.

Infrared Thermography: A maintenance technique utilizing infrared technology to detect and monitor temperature variations in conveyor components, requiring periodic assessments for identifying potential issues.

Inspection Door: A hinged or removable door in the conveyor structure, providing access for inspections, demanding routine checks for proper functioning and secure closure.

Interlock:A safety mechanism that ensures one component or device cannot operate unless another is in a predetermined state, necessitating regular checks to maintain safety compliance.

Intermediate Drive: Additional drive units positioned along the length of a conveyor to provide added power, demanding periodic inspections for alignment and efficiency.

Internal Wear Liner: A protective layer applied to the internal surfaces of conveyor components to mitigate wear, requiring regular inspections and replacement as needed.

Inventory Management: Conveyor inventory management for spare parts involves systematically tracking, organizing, and optimizing the stock of spare components used in conveyor systems to ensure efficient maintenance, minimize downtime, and enhance overall operational reliability.

Inverter: A device used to control the speed of a conveyor motor, necessitating periodic checks for proper calibration and functionality.

Inverter Drive: A drive system that utilizes an inverter to control the speed of the conveyor motor, demanding regular inspections for calibration and efficiency.

Inverter Motor: A motor designed to work with an inverter for variable speed control, requiring periodic checks for proper functionality and alignment.




Jam Sensor: A specialized sensor within a conveyor system crafted to identify and signal the presence of material jams or blockages. Consistent checks are crucial to maintaining the accuracy and responsiveness of the jam sensor.

Jib Crane: A crane variant employed in conveyor maintenance tasks, designed for lifting and manipulating heavy components. Periodic inspections become imperative to guarantee both proper functionality and safety compliance of the jib crane.

Joint Fastener: A dedicated device utilized to securely connect and fasten the ends of conveyor belts. Routine checks are required to verify and uphold the strength and integrity of the joint fastener.

Jog Control: A control mechanism enabling manual adjustments or precise movement of conveyor components in small increments. Regular inspections are necessary to ensure the effective functionality and safety of the jog control.

Junction Box: An enclosure specifically designed to protect electrical connections in a conveyor system. Ongoing checks become essential to safeguard the integrity of electrical connections and prevent issues such as shorts or malfunctions.

Junction Roller: A roller strategically positioned at conveyor junctions to facilitate and guide material flow. Regular inspections are critical to ensuring the proper alignment and functional reliability of junction rollers.  




Kevlar Reinforcement: A unique form of material fortification employed in conveyor belts, harnessing the strength and durability of Kevlar fibers. Essential routine inspections become imperative to validate the integrity and sustained performance of the reinforced conveyor belt.

Keyless Locking Device: A distinctive mechanical apparatus utilized for linking shafts devoid of a traditional key, necessitating regular scrutiny to ensure precise alignment and secure fastening, mitigating the risk of inadvertent disconnection.

Kick Plates: Specially crafted protective barricades strategically positioned along the conveyor sides to avert material spillage or protrusion. Periodic examinations are mandatory to ascertain their stability and sustained efficacy.

Knee Braces: Braces strategically angled against other structural supports to provide vertical stabilization for conveyors. Regular checks are essential to maintain the angular stability and structural integrity of knee braces.

Knife Edge Conveyor Belt: An innovative conveyor belt design featuring an ultra-thin, sharp edge crafted for the seamless transfer of small or delicate items. Regular evaluations are vital to preserve the sharpness and overall integrity of the knife edge.

Knots Per Hour (KPH): A distinctive unit of measurement indicating the conveyor system’s speed in terms of knots, demanding precise calculations and adjustments to fine-tune and optimize conveyor performance.

Knurl Thumb Adjustable Nut: A specialized nut designed for accumulating conveyors, allowing tool-free adjustments to the pressure required for product movement. Regular checks ensure optimal functionality and pressure settings.

KPI (Key Performance Indicator): Unique metrics and benchmarks employed to gauge the effectiveness and efficiency of conveyor system maintenance practices. Regular assessments are critical for fostering continuous improvement in conveyor system performance.




Lacing: The method of attaching both ends of a belt segment using specialized fastening materials, demanding careful installation and periodic checks for tightness and integrity.

Lagged Pulley: A pulley featuring a surface crowned with material, typically rubber, to enhance friction with the conveyor belt. Regular checks are essential to maintain the effectiveness of the lagged pulley.

Lagging: he protective covering, often made of rubber, is applied to pulley surfaces to enhance grip and reduce slippage between the pulley and the conveyor belt. Periodic inspections are necessary to ensure proper alignment and condition.

Lateral Stability: The capability of a conveyor system to maintain side-to-side stability during operation. Regular assessments are required to prevent issues related to misalignment and potential material spillage.

Leveling Feet: Adjustable supports or feet beneath the conveyor structure allowing precise leveling and stabilization. Regular adjustments may be needed to ensure proper alignment and balance.

Lift and Transfer: A device designed for lateral movement of products between conveyor lanes or systems, requiring regular inspections for smooth operation and proper alignment.

Lifting Bolt Loop: A specialized bolt featuring a looped head designed for lifting or attaching components, requiring meticulous inspections to verify correct installation and sustained structural integrity. Regular checks are essential to prevent unintended disconnection and ensure reliable lifting capabilities.

Lifting Eye Fastener: A bolt characterized by a looped head, specifically designed for lifting or attaching components securely, demanding thorough inspections to validate proper installation and sustained integrity. Regular assessments are crucial to prevent issues related to lifting operations.

Limit Switch: An electronic device strategically placed along the conveyor system to detect and identify the location of products within a fulfillment center or warehouse. Periodic checks are necessary to guarantee accurate functionality, ensuring timely responses to product positioning.

Line Pressure: The applied force or pressure exerted by a conveyor to facilitate the movement of the conveyed product. Regular evaluations are essential to fine-tune line pressure, optimizing conveyor performance and efficiency based on material characteristics.

Live Roller Conveyor: A system comprising a series of powered rollers facilitating the movement of objects through the application of power to either all or some of the rollers. The power transmitting medium is typically in the form of a belting or chain. Regular inspections are vital to ensure the rollers’ functionality, preventing disruptions in material conveyance.

Load Centering Device: Specialized mechanisms or devices meticulously crafted to maintain the material load precisely centered on the conveyor, ensuring a harmonized and efficient movement. Regular checks are imperative to validate the load-centering device’s proper functioning and prevent any deviations that may lead to imbalance.

Load Zone: The designated section of the conveyor responsible for material loading onto the belt. Frequent inspections are essential to proactively address potential issues, such as spillage, misalignment, and excessive wear, safeguarding the overall integrity of the conveyor system.

Looped Connection Junction: An innovative approach to joining the ends of a conveyor belt using a looped connection, necessitating the expertise of skilled installers and periodic checks for wear and security. The intricacies of this method demand ongoing attention to ensure sustained effectiveness and secure connectivity.

Looped Connection Splice: A specialized technique employed for joining the ends of a conveyor belt through a looped connection, requiring the proficiency of expert installers and regular checks for wear and security. The intricacies of this splicing method demand continuous monitoring to uphold secure and reliable belt connectivity.

Lubrication System: A systematically designed system tailored to apply lubricants to crucial conveyor components, such as bearings and chains, mitigating friction and preventing premature wear. Rigorous maintenance practices are critical to uphold the optimal performance of the lubrication system, ensuring prolonged conveyor efficiency.

Luffing Conveyor: An adaptable conveyor system featuring an adjustable conveyor belt angle, accommodating changes in elevation. Periodic inspections are indispensable to uphold the precise luffing adjustments and preemptively address any issues related to material flow, safeguarding the conveyor’s overall functionality.

Luffing Pulley: A specialized pulley crafted to regulate the conveyor belt angle in a luffing conveyor system. Regular checks are imperative to preserve proper functionality, preventing misalignments that could disrupt the conveyor’s seamless operation.

Lump Size: The maximum dimensions of material particles that a conveyor can efficiently handle. Regular assessments are essential to ensure the conveyor’s compatibility with the specific lump size of materials, preventing potential challenges and optimizing material handling efficiency.




Machine-Crafted Crowned Pulley: A pulley featuring a precisely machined crown or vertex, created through automated processes, typically computer-driven, to ensure accurate contours and enhance performance.

Magnetic Conveyor: A specialized conveyor equipped with magnets designed for the transportation of magnetic materials. Regular inspections are essential to assess magnet strength, alignment, and overall functionality.

Magnetic Starter: An electrical device that not only initiates the conveyor’s motor but also provides vital overload protection. Regular checks are necessary to ensure proper motor control and protection.

Main Drive: The primary power source responsible for propelling the conveyor system. Routine inspections are crucial to maintaining optimal functionality, alignment, and overall performance.

Maintenance Logbook: A comprehensive record that meticulously documents all maintenance activities, inspections, and repairs performed on the conveyor system. It serves as a historical record for system health and adherence to maintenance schedules.

Maintenance Scheduling: A predefined plan outlining regular tasks and intervals for inspecting, servicing, and repairing conveyor components. It ensures proactive upkeep and prolonged system reliability.

Manual Activation Switch: A simple one-direction switch used to manually turn the conveyor on and off, providing straightforward control over system operation.

Mat Top Conveyor: A conveyor featuring a flat, solid surface, commonly used for transporting larger items. Periodic checks are necessary for wear, alignment, and smooth material flow.

Material Flow Optimization: The seamless movement of materials along the conveyor system, requiring continuous evaluations for potential obstructions, misalignments, and efficient throughput.

Material Handling Procedures: The overall process of moving, controlling, and manipulating materials on the conveyor system. Continuous evaluations are necessary for efficiency, safety, and optimal workflow.

Mechanical Belt Splicing: A method of joining conveyor belts using mechanical fasteners. Periodic checks are required to ensure secure connections, assess wear, and maintain overall stability.

Metal Detection System: An integrated system designed to detect metal objects on the conveyor belt. Regular inspections and calibrations are necessary for accurate performance and system integrity.

Microprocessor-Based Control: An advanced control system utilizing microprocessors for precise and automated conveyor operation. Regular monitoring is essential for software updates, functionality, and calibration.

Minimum Pressure Accumulating Conveyor: A specialized conveyor designed to minimize pressure buildup between adjacent packages or cartons. Regular checks ensure efficient material flow. (138-ACC – 190-ACC)

Misalignment Safety Switch: A safety device designed to detect and respond to conveyor misalignment. Regular inspections and adjustments are essential for proper functionality and system safety.

Modular Belt Structure: A conveyor belt composed of individual interlocking modules. Periodic checks are necessary to assess module integrity, alignment, and overall belt condition.

Motor Alignment Adjustment: Involves the meticulous positioning of conveyor motors to guarantee efficient power transmission. It is imperative to conduct regular inspections and fine-tune the alignment to sustain optimal motor performance.

Motorized Pulley Inspection: A compact, motor-driven pulley integral to the conveyor system, requiring periodic inspections for proper functioning, lubrication, and overall health.

Motorized Roller Conveyor System:A conveyor system with rollers powered by individual motors. Regular inspections are essential for assessing roller and motor health, alignment, and overall functionality.

Muff Coupling Examination: A flexible coupling used to connect shafts in conveyor systems, requiring routine checks for wear, alignment, and secure attachment.

Multilevel Conveyor Structure: A conveyor system with multiple tiers or levels, necessitating frequent inspections for stability, alignment, and material flow on each level.

Multiple Strand Conveyor Chain: A conveyor chain with multiple parallel strands, requiring regular assessments for wear, tension, and overall integrity.



Negative Crowned Pulley:Pulley with a crown is used to pull tail pulleys or assist in belt tracking. This design includes raised areas set equally in from each end and is applied to tail pulleys that are 24 in. OAW and wider, contributing to effective belt tracking.

Net Lift: Net vertical distance through which material is conveyed against gravity by a conveyor system. Periodic assessments are necessary to ensure efficient material movement.

Nip Guard: An innovative safety apparatus meticulously crafted to shield against potential personnel injuries by obstructing access to the pinch or nip point on the conveyor. Consistent, thorough checks are of paramount importance to uphold the guard’s efficacy in maintaining personnel safety and preventing potential accidents.

Nip Point Guard: A strategically positioned safeguard meticulously devised to eradicate specific points or areas on the conveyor system where injuries could potentially transpire. Periodic inspections play a pivotal role in ensuring the guard’s ongoing effectiveness, actively minimizing the inherent risk of injuries, and fortifying overall safety measures.

Noise Level: The extent of sound volume produced during the operation of a conveyor system. Regular evaluations are imperative to discern and mitigate heightened noise levels effectively, contributing to the cultivation of a secure and comfortable working environment.

Nominal Belt Tension:T he pre-established or recommended tension level designed for a conveyor belt under typical operating conditions. Consistent examinations are essential to sustain optimal belt tension, mitigating issues like slippage and undue wear.

Non-Clogging Tail Pulley: A tail pulley meticulously crafted to curtail material buildup and thwart clogging issues. Regular inspections are vital to guarantee the seamless operation and unobstructed material flow on the conveyor.

Non-Contact Sensor: A sensor integrated into conveyor systems that operates without direct physical contact with the material or object being detected. Routine inspections are imperative to ensure precise sensing and avert inaccuracies in readings.

Non-Contact Switch: A safety switch within a conveyor system designed to activate without requiring physical contact. Regular checks are crucial to ascertain consistent responsiveness and fortify overall system safety measures.

Non-Drive End:T he termination point of the conveyor system where components lack direct connections to the drive unit. Periodic checks are essential to maintain stability and ensure proper alignment on the non-drive end.

Non-Powered Roller: Rollers in a conveyor system devoid of a dedicated power source, relying on external forces for movement. Regular inspections are crucial to assess wear, alignment, and overall functionality.

Non-Resettable Counter: A counter within a conveyor system resistant to manual resetting, offering precise and tamper-proof tracking of specific events or quantities. Systematic monitoring is necessary for dependable data acquisition.

Non-Slip Pulley Lagging: A layer of material applied to pulley surfaces to amplify grip and diminish slipping with the conveyor belt. Regular inspections are vital to preserve the efficacy of non-slip pulley lagging.

Nose Bar Transfer: A conveyor system design incorporating a nose bar to facilitate the seamless transfer of materials between conveyors. Periodic checks are requisite for ensuring proper alignment and efficient material transfer.

Nose Roller: A diminutive roller employed on power belt curve conveyors to minimize gaps at transfer points. Regular inspections are indispensable to uphold the effective functionality of the nose roller.

Noseover: A segment of the conveyor equipped with transition rollers to ensure a smooth transition from incline to horizontal or vice versa. Periodic inspections are necessary for sustaining proper functionality and optimal material flow.

Notched Belt: A conveyor belt featuring notches or cutouts to accommodate specific product shapes. Regular inspections are imperative to ascertain the integrity of the notched belt.

Nozzle: A device within a conveyor system that releases air or other substances for diverse purposes, such as cleaning or cooling. Regular checks are vital to guarantee optimal nozzle performance and prevent potential clogs.

NPT (National Pipe Thread): A standardized thread size employed in various conveyor system components. Routine checks are imperative to validate proper connections and avert potential leaks in threaded components.

Null Zone: A designated area within a conveyor system where the absence of products or materials is intended. Regular monitoring is crucial to preserve the integrity of the null zone and address any inadvertent material accumulation.

Null: A terminology denoting a state of no movement or a zero position within a conveyor system. Regular monitoring is essential to promptly identify unexpected null conditions.

Nylon Conveyor Belt: A specific type of conveyor belt crafted from nylon material, renowned for its robustness and durability. Periodic inspections are necessary to evaluate wear patterns and maintain the overall condition of the nylon conveyor belt.

Nylon Fabric: Fabric material derived from nylon fibers and utilized in various conveyor components, such as belts and covers. Regular checks are indispensable to uphold the integrity and durability of components fashioned from nylon fabric.

Nylon Rollers: Rollers within a conveyor system constructed from nylon material, acknowledged for their durability and resistance to wear. Regular inspections are essential to ensure proper alignment, assess wear, and confirm overall functionality.

Nylon Slider Bed: A conveyor bed design featuring a slider surface composed of nylon material. Frequent inspections are requisite to monitor wear patterns, assess alignment, and facilitate proper material flow on the nylon slider bed.

Nylon Sprockets: Sprockets incorporated into a conveyor system, constructed from nylon material and often employed in chain-driven applications. Regular assessments are necessary to evaluate wear, ensure proper alignment, and confirm the overall condition of the sprockets.

Nylon Wear Strip: A strip composed of nylon material, strategically employed to diminish friction and wear in specific areas of a conveyor system. Regular checks are essential to preserve the effectiveness of nylon wear strips.

Nylon Webbing: Webbing material produced from nylon fibers, utilized in the construction of conveyor belts. Periodic inspections are crucial to assess the condition, alignment, and wear of the nylon webbing.

Nylon-Covered Bearings: Bearings within a conveyor system shielded with a layer of nylon material to augment durability and reduce friction. Regular checks are requisite to monitor wear, ensure proper alignment, and evaluate the overall condition of the bearings.

Nylon-Reinforced Belt: A conveyor belt fortified with additional layers of nylon material for heightened strength and extended longevity. Regular inspections are essential to evaluate the condition, alignment, and wear of the nylon-reinforced belt.

Nylon-Rubber Compound: A specialized material compound integrated into conveyor components, amalgamating the advantageous properties of nylon and rubber to enhance durability and flexibility. Regular checks are necessary to validate the integrity of components fashioned from the nylon-rubber compound.



Offset Side Frame: A deliberately misaligned side frame within a conveyor system, uniquely tailored to meet specific production demands. Routine checks are essential for preserving the stability and precise alignment of offset side frames.

Oil-Resistant Belt: An ingeniously crafted conveyor belt, purpose-built to endure the corrosive effects of oil exposure. Regular inspections are imperative to affirm the enduring resilience and structural integrity of oil-resistant belts.

Oil-Resistant Roller: Rollers thoughtfully designed for a conveyor system to effectively withstand the adverse impacts of oil exposure. Periodic checks become imperative for assessing the roller’s condition, alignment, and overall structural integrity in the face of oil-related challenges.

Operational Status Indicator: An insightful indicator integrated into a conveyor system, offering real-time information about its present operational state. Consistent monitoring is indispensable to ensure the precision and continued functionality of these operational status indicators.

O-Ring: Circular bands strategically utilized to facilitate the transmission of drive power between spools and rollers on a conveyor. Their seamless operation requires periodic assessments for wear, alignment, and overall integrity.

O-Ring Drive: A sophisticated drive system within a conveyor that harnesses the power of O-ring belts for seamless power transmission. Regular inspections are vital for evaluating the condition, tension, and alignment of O-ring belts, safeguarding the efficiency of the entire operation.

Overall Length (OAL): A term characterizing the span of a conveyor from one exterior pulley to the other. The Overall Length (OAL) encompasses the dimension from outside pulley to outside pulley, inclusive of belting or lagging, defining the conveyor’s lengthwise configuration.

Overhead Conveyor: A distinctive conveyor system strategically positioned above the working area, serving the purpose of material transport in an overhead arrangement. Consistent periodic inspections become imperative to uphold safety standards, ensure precise alignment and maintain the overall functionality of the system.

Overhead Drive: A specialized unit positioned above a conveyor, providing crucial clearance and space for products in motion. The Overhead Drive is a drive assembly mounted over the conveyor, offering necessary clearance for the products in transit.

Overhead Guard: A robust protective structure installed above a conveyor system, effectively mitigating potential overhead hazards. Regular checks are mandated to guarantee the ongoing stability and effectiveness of overhead guards.

Overhead Trolley Conveyor: An innovative conveyor system employing overhead trolleys or carriers for the efficient transport of materials. Regular inspections are imperative to validate proper alignment, assess the functionality of trolleys, and uphold the overall reliability of the system.

Overload Protection: Intricate safety mechanisms intricately designed to avert potential damage to the conveyor system caused by excessive loads. Consistent checks are indispensable to validate the precise functioning and calibration of overload protection systems, ensuring the sustained reliability of the entire system.

Over-Temperature Sensor: A sensor in a conveyor system designed to detect and respond to elevated temperatures. Regular inspections and calibrations are necessary to maintain the accuracy and functionality of over-temperature sensors.

Over-Tensioning: The condition wherein a conveyor belt is excessively tensioned, leading to increased wear and reduced system efficiency. Regular assessments are required to prevent over-tensioning and ensure optimal belt tension.

Over-Tightening: The condition wherein components in a conveyor system, such as bolts or fasteners, are excessively tightened. Regular checks are necessary to prevent over-tightening, which can lead to mechanical issues and system damage.

Overturning Moment: The force capable of causing a conveyor system to tip or overturn. Periodic assessments are essential to identify and address factors contributing to overturning moments for system stability and safety. 



Package Flow Conveyor: A conveyor system installed within racking, featuring either a wheel bed or roller configuration.

Package Stop: Various devices, whether manual or mechanical, are utilized to halt the movement on a conveyor.

Pallet Conveyor: A specialized conveyor system engineered for transporting palletized goods, necessitating regular inspections to ensure alignment, load capacity, and overall functionality.

Pallet Flow Conveyor: A conveyor specifically designed for the smooth movement of pallets, containers, and heavy loads, typically within a rack structure.

Parallel Roller Conveyor: A type of conveyor system characterized by multiple rollers aligned parallel to each other, requiring regular checks for roller health, alignment, and efficient material flow.

Parts Accumulator:Definition: A component in a conveyor system that temporarily holds and accumulates products or materials, necessitating periodic inspections for proper functioning and capacity management.

Parts Conveyor: The conveyor system used to catch and gather smaller parts and debris away from the production areas in a warehouse.

Passive Roller:Definition: A conveyor system where rollers are arranged perpendicular to the direction of material flow, requiring routine checks for roller health, alignment, and efficient material movement.

Photo Eye: A sensor designed to identify the presence of a load within a conveyor system.

Photoelectric Sensor: A sensor in a conveyor system that uses light beams for material detection, demanding regular inspections for accurate sensing and preventing false readings.

Pitch: Definition: The distance between the center points of adjacent components in a conveyor system, necessitating periodic assessments to maintain proper pitch dimensions for optimal system performance.

Pivot Plate: The gusset that attaches the conveyor to the support leg.

Plastisol Coating: Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) covering for roller tubes to prevent product damage or marking.

Plastisol Coating: Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) covering for roller tubes to prevent product damage or marking. Usually (#70 durometer) green or (#90 durometer) red in color.

PLC: Programmable logic controller used to automate conveyors and program a sequence, or operation of single or multiple conveyors

Plow: A mechanism strategically positioned across the conveyor path at the appropriate angle to discharge or divert objects.

Plugged Chute Switch: A safety device integrated into a conveyor system to identify and address material blockages in chutes, necessitating routine inspections for proper functionality and system safety.

Pneumatic Conveyor: A conveyor system employing air pressure for material transport, requiring regular assessments of pneumatic system integrity, pressure levels, and overall efficiency.

Pneumatic Cylinder: A constituent of a conveyor system utilizing compressed air for generating linear motion, calling for periodic inspections to check for leaks, pressure levels, and overall cylinder performance.

Polymer Conveyor Chain: A conveyor chain crafted from polymer materials, delivering advantages such as corrosion resistance and reduced noise. Regular evaluations are essential to monitor wear, tension, and overall chain integrity.

Poly-Tier Support: Adjustable support structures designed to accommodate the load and weight of multi-tiered conveyor systems.

Pop-Out Roller: A roller typically positioned at the ends of a belt conveyor, aiding in transfer, and set in a broad groove to eject if an object intervenes between it and the belt. 

Polymer Conveyor: Chain: A conveyor chain crafted from polymer materials, delivering advantages such as corrosion resistance and reduced noise. Regular evaluations are essential to monitor wear, tension, and overall chain integrity.

Poly-Tier Support: Adjustable support structures designed to accommodate the load and weight of multi-tiered conveyor systems.

Pop-Out Roller: A roller typically positioned at the ends of a belt conveyor, aiding in transfer, and set in a broad groove to eject if an object intervenes between it and the belt.

Portable Conveyor: Any type of conveyance that is mobile, usually featuring supports that provide mobility.

Portable Support: Support mechanisms for portable conveyors, equipped with castors and wheels to facilitate easy movement. 

Position Sensor: A sensor in a conveyor system that detects the position of materials, demanding regular inspections for accurate sensing and responsiveness.

Positive Crowned Pulley: A pulley designed with an upward curve at both ends converging toward the center of a conveyor, aiding in the proper alignment and tracking of the conveyor belt.

Power Belt Curve: Curve conveyor guided by tapered pulleys that use a belt.

Power Conveyor: A conveyor system that requires power to operate and move packages.

Power Roller Conveyor:Definition: A conveyor system with rollers powered by a central drive unit, demanding regular inspections for roller health, motor functionality, and overall system performance.

Power Turn Conveyor: A conveyor system with a curved section that allows materials to change direction, necessitating periodic checks for alignment, belt condition, and overall functionality.

Powered Feeder: The mechanized section of a conveyor system responsible for transferring products from a horizontal orientation to an inclined position through powered movement.

Powered Roller Conveyor: A conveyor that uses powered rollers to move materials.

Precision Alignment: The accurate adjustment of conveyor components to ensure proper alignment and efficient material movement, requiring regular checks and adjustments.

Precision Bearings:Definition: High-quality bearings are used in conveyor components for enhanced durability and reduced friction, necessitating regular checks for wear, alignment, and overall bearing condition.

Pressure Relief Valve: A safety device in a conveyor system that releases excess pressure to prevent system damage, demanding regular inspections and adjustments for proper functioning.

Pressure Roller: A specialized roller employed to maintain contact between the driving belt and the load-carrying rollers within a belt-driven live roller conveyor system.

Preventive Maintenance: Planned maintenance activities performed at scheduled intervals to prevent potential issues, extend conveyor system life, and ensure continuous reliability.

Product Footprint: Part of the product touches any part of the conveyor, including wheels, belts, or rollers.

Proximity Sensor: A sensor in a conveyor system that detects the presence or absence of materials without physical contact, necessitating regular inspections for accurate sensing and responsiveness.

PTFE-Coated Conveyor Belt: A conveyor belt coated with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) for enhanced non-stick properties and resistance to heat. Periodic inspections are necessary to assess wear and overall belt condition.

Pull Cord Switch: A safety device in a conveyor system that stops the conveyor when the pull cord is activated, demanding regular inspections for proper tension and responsiveness.

Pulley Lagging: The application of a layer of material to pulley surfaces to enhance grip and reduce slipping with the conveyor belt, necessitating regular inspections for maintenance and effectiveness.

Pulley: A rotating machine part in a conveyor system, usually with a grooved rim, used to change the direction of the moving belt or provide tension. Regular checks are required for pulley health, alignment, and overall functionality.

Pusher: Air-powered device used for moving products between conveyor lines and chutes.

Push-Button Station: An electrical mechanism that triggers and operates a magnetic starter.

Pusher Arm: A mechanical arm in a conveyor system used to push or divert materials, necessitating periodic inspections for proper operation, alignment, and overall functionality.

Pusher Device: A mechanical device in a conveyor system used to push materials off the conveyor, requiring periodic checks for proper functioning and alignment.

Pusher Sorter: A sorting device in a conveyor system that uses pushers to divert materials onto different paths, necessitating regular inspections for proper operation and alignment.

PVC Belt: A type of conveyor belt made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) material, known for its versatility and resistance to wear. Periodic inspections are essential to assess wear and overall belt condition.

Pyramidal Hopper: A hopper in a conveyor system with a pyramidal shape, used for efficient material feeding. Regular inspections are necessary to prevent blockages and ensure proper material flow.



Quality Control:The process of ensuring that conveyor components and systems meet specified standards and criteria, demanding continuous monitoring and inspections to maintain quality performance.

Quick-Release Belt Fastener: A belt fastening system that allows for easy and rapid removal and replacement of conveyor belts. Regular checks are necessary to ensure the secure fastening and integrity of the conveyor belt.

Quick-Release Chain Link: A chain link design that enables swift and convenient removal and replacement of conveyor chains. Periodic inspections are essential to assess wear, alignment, and overall chain condition.

Quiet Conveyor: A conveyor system designed to operate with minimal noise, requiring regular assessments to identify and address any sources of excessive noise and maintain a quiet working environment.




Rail Car Unloading Conveyor: An intricately engineered conveyor system dedicated to the swift and efficient unloading of materials from rail cars. Regular inspections are essential to maintain peak performance, preventing any potential challenges related to material flow and ensuring the overall functionality of the conveyor.

Rail Splice: A methodical approach to connecting sections of conveyor track, particularly prevalent in overhead conveyor systems. Routine checks are vital to consistently validate and uphold the stability and structural integrity of rail splices.

Rail Support Bracket: A purpose-designed bracket crucial for supporting and securing conveyor rails, ensuring steadfast stability and precise alignment. Periodic inspections are imperative to sustain the structural integrity and alignment of rail support brackets.

Reclaimer Conveyor :A conveyor system specifically designed for the reclamation of bulk materials, commonly used in storage yards. Consistent checks are crucial to maintain the efficiency and reliability of reclaimer conveyors.

Reducer: A mechanical device employed to decrease the speed of conveyor components, such as motors or gearboxes. Regular inspections are necessary to ensure proper functioning, lubrication, and alignment of reducers.

Regenerative Brake: A braking system in a conveyor that recovers and utilizes energy during deceleration, enhancing overall efficiency. Ongoing checks are essential to maintain the effectiveness and safety of regenerative brakes.

Remote Monitoring: A system allowing the monitoring and control of conveyor operations from a distant location, often through digital technology. Regular assessments are necessary to ensure the connectivity, accuracy, and security of remote monitoring systems.

Return Idler:An idler roller strategically positioned underneath the conveyor belt, dedicated to providing crucial support to the return portion of the belt. Regular inspections are essential to validate alignment, rotation, and overall condition, ensuring the optimal performance of return idlers.

Reverse Action: A distinct operational mode in a conveyor system where the direction of material flow is intentionally reversed. Regular inspections become imperative to guarantee the proper functionality and safety of components engaged in reverse action.

Reversible Conveyor: A sophisticated conveyor system engineered with the capability to alter the direction of material flow. Consistent checks are crucial to sustain the overall functionality, alignment, and safety standards of reversible conveyors.

Reversible: Denoting a conveyor system meticulously designed to facilitate the movement of cartons and products in any conceivable direction.

Rip Detection: A comprehensive system meticulously devised to identify and promptly signal the presence of a rip or tear in the conveyor belt. 

Roller Bed: The planar expanse of the conveyor is intricately outfitted with an ensemble of wheels and rollers, forming a sophisticated stage where products repose and traverse with seamless grace, impelled by either the prowess of power or the gentle pull of gravity.

Roller Bed Conveyor: A distinctive type of conveyor featuring rollers strategically positioned along the bed surface to offer robust support and seamless transportation of materials. Periodic inspections are necessary to evaluate roller condition, alignment, and the overall performance of the conveyor.

Roller Center: A meticulous gauge of the precise interstice between the pivotal cores of two rollers on the conveyor bed, a measurement executed with precision from axle center to axle center.

Roller Chain: An intricately crafted chain, purposefully integrated into conveyor systems to facilitate the elegant transmission of power between components. Regular scrutiny is indispensable to preserve the equilibrium of tension, the efficacy of lubrication, and the holistic structural integrity of roller chains.

Roller Conveyor: An avant-garde conveyor configuration marked by the strategic alignment of rollers gracing beds, carving an unobtrusive thoroughfare where cartons and products traverse with poise, spurred onward by the impetus of power or the balletic play of gravitational forces.

Roller Diameter: The artful measurement of a roller’s size within the conveyor tapestry, meticulously gauged from one extremity to the other. Routine measurements stand as sentinels of vigilance, crucial to appraise the wear and tear of rollers, ensuring their harmonious integration with the conveyor’s choreography.

Roller Frame: The stalwart architectural scaffolding, meticulously fashioned to cradle and shield conveyor rollers, providing a steadfast bastion for their fluid operation. Consistent inspections emerge as custodians of stability, attunement, and the overarching well-being of roller frames. 

Roller Lacing: A meticulous choreography of interlacing conveyor belts with precision-engineered lacing, an artful union that not only ensures the steadfast security of material transit but also stands as a testament to the marriage of efficacy and security. Vigilant periodic checks stand as custodians, ensuring the perpetual integrity and tautness of the roller-lacing ballet.

Roller Shaft: The undisputed backbone, the central shaft of a conveyor roller, intricately knitting it into the very fabric of the conveyor frame. Regular inspections emerge as custodians of alignment, the lifeblood of lubrication, and the overarching well-being of roller shafts, ensuring a seamless symphony within the conveyor’s architectural embrace.

Roller Spacing: The orchestrated interplay of gaps between adjacent rollers in the grand tapestry of a conveyor system, an elemental dance that, when harmonized, thwarts the specter of material entanglements and misalignments. Ongoing checks stand sentinel, guardians of uniform spacing that obliterates the discordant notes of jams and misalignments.

Roller Stand: The steadfast sentinels of support, the roller stands bearing the weight of gravity conveyor systems with an equanimity that defines stability and alignment. Routine inspections metamorphose into imperatives, the vigilant custodians that uphold the sanctity and alignment of these essential conveyor comrades.

Roller Table: A symphony of rollers adorning the conveyor stage, where materials pirouette with grace and purpose. Periodic checks, the choreographers of this conveyor ballet, are summoned to assess the condition and alignment of the rollers, ensuring the seamless functionality of the conveyor table.

Roller Track: The celestial pathways, paved with rollers, orchestrating the celestial dance of material movement within the realm of conveyor applications. Consistent checks ascend as the keepers of alignment, the sentinels of condition, and the arbiters of the roller track’s transcendence in performance.

Roller: The unsung maestro, the mechanism gracefully attached to conveyor beds, ushering products through the ethereal realms with the choice between the commanding prowess of power or the gravitational waltz.

Rotary Positioner: The virtuoso performer, a device gracing the conveyor stage with the ability to pirouette and position materials with the finesse of a seasoned dancer. Regular inspections, the vigilant choreographers, are summoned to ensure the seamless functioning, impeccable alignment, and safety of these rotary virtuosos.

Rubber Belt: The resilient protagonist, a conveyor belt crafted from the sinews of rubber, known for its balletic flexibility and unyielding durability. Periodic inspections materialize as the watchmen, assessing wear, tension, and the overall opus of rubber belts.

Run-In Period: The inaugural overture, the embryonic period where a nascent or rejuvenated conveyor system takes its inaugural steps, adjusting and stabilizing within the symphony of operation. Routine checks emerge as the vigilant custodians, identifying and rectifying any nascent issues that might arise during this conveyor overture.

Running Tension: The heartbeat of a conveyor belt in its operatic journey, the tension that accompanies its rhythmic motion. Ongoing checks metamorphose into the watchful guardians, ensuring that the running tension remains in the hallowed realms of specification, thwarting the specters of slipping and unwarranted wear.

Runout: The cosmic ballet of deviation and wobbling, the celestial dance of rotating components within the conveyor system. Regular measurements unfurl as the sentinels of runout, assessing the harmonious alignment and balance of conveyor components, ensuring a symphony free from discordant notes.




Safety Pull Cord: An emergency stop device featuring a cord that, when pulled, triggers an immediate shutdown of the conveyor system. Regular inspections are essential to ensure proper installation, tension, and responsiveness of safety pull cords.

Safety Switch: A switch integrated into a conveyor system to ensure safety by halting or controlling the operation when activated. Ongoing checks are essential to verify proper functioning, alignment, and responsiveness of safety switches.

Sag: The vertical distance between the top of the load and the carrying idlers on the return side of a conveyor belt. Periodic measurements are necessary to assess sag and maintain proper belt tension.

Scavenger Conveyor: A conveyor system designed for the removal of residual material or debris. Regular inspections are crucial to ensure the efficiency and reliability of scavenger conveyors.

Scissor Lift Conveyor: A conveyor equipped with a scissor lift mechanism for adjusting the height of the conveyor bed. Consistent checks are necessary to verify proper functioning, stability, and safety of scissor lift conveyors.

Scraper: A device or blade used to remove material residue from the surface of the conveyor belt, enhancing cleanliness and preventing carryback. Regular inspections are essential to assess scraper condition and maintain effective material removal.

Seal: A component or material used to close gaps and prevent material leakage in conveyor systems. Regular checks and replacements are essential to ensure effective sealing, preventing contamination and material loss.

Sealed Bearings: Bearings in a conveyor system equipped with protective seals to prevent contaminants from entering and ensure smooth operation. Routine inspections are necessary to assess seal integrity and maintain optimal bearing performance.

Seamless Conveyance Loop: A conveyor belt devoid of splicing, necessitating regular examinations for wear, tracking, and overall condition to sustain uninterrupted and dependable operation.

Self-Aligning Conveyor: A conveyor system designed to automatically adjust and maintain proper alignment. Consistent maintenance is crucial to ensure the ongoing effectiveness of self-aligning conveyors, preventing misalignment issues.

Self-Aligning Idler: An idler roller designed to automatically adjust and maintain proper alignment of the conveyor belt. Periodic checks are crucial to ensure the effective self-aligning capability and prevent issues like misalignment and uneven wear.

Self-Aligning Roller: A roller designed to automatically align and center the conveyor belt, preventing misalignment issues. Ongoing checks become imperative to verify the proper functioning and alignment of self-aligning rollers.

Self-Cleaning Tail Pulley:A tail pulley designed to shed material buildup and prevent carryback. Regular inspections are necessary to ensure the self-cleaning functionality and proper operation of tail pulleys.

Sensor: A device in a conveyor system that detects and responds to specific conditions, such as material presence or temperature. Regular inspections are necessary to ensure accurate sensing and prevent false readings.

Sequencing: The controlled order of operations in a conveyor system, ensuring proper coordination of different components. Regular checks are necessary to maintain the sequencing logic and prevent issues like jams or misalignments.

Service Life: The expected lifespan of conveyor components or the entire conveyor system. Periodic assessments are crucial to evaluate wear, fatigue, and other factors affecting the service life of conveyor elements.

Service Loop: A coiled arrangement of electrical cables designed to provide flexibility and movement without inducing damage. Regular examinations are essential to validate the integrity and operational effectiveness of service loops, mitigating the risk of cable wear or breakage.

Set High: Vertical spacing that allows rollers to be attached above frame rails.

Set Low: Vertical spacing that allows the roller to be mounted below the top of the frame rails.

Shaft: A dynamic rotating rod or spindle integral for providing support and transmitting motion within conveyor components. Regular inspections are vital to evaluate the condition, alignment, and overall integrity of the shaft, safeguarding against potential disruptions.

Shaft Alignment: The precise adjustment of conveyor shafts to ensure proper alignment and prevent issues such as increased wear or power transmission inefficiency. Regular checks and adjustments become imperative to maintain shaft alignment.

Shaft Coupling: A device used to connect two shafts in a conveyor system, transmitting motion and torque. Ongoing inspections are essential to assess coupling conditions, alignment, and overall functionality.

Shaft Diameter: The specific width of a conveyor shaft, tailored to the demands of its unique application. Consistent measurements are vital to appraise shaft diameter, guaranteeing harmonious integration with conveyor components.

Shaft Extension: The extended segment of a conveyor shaft projecting beyond its junction point. Regular assessments are critical to confirm the steadfastness, alignment, and holistic soundness of shaft extensions.

Shaft Key: A securing device employed to fasten the link between a shaft and a conveyor component, averting slippage or misalignment. Regular inspections are imperative to validate the appropriateness and condition of shaft keys, ensuring robust connections.

Shaft Mount Reducer: A type of reducer directly mounted on a conveyor shaft to decrease speed and increase torque. Consistent checks are crucial to verify the proper functioning, lubrication, and alignment of shaft mount reducers.

Shaft Seal: A seal used to protect conveyor components, such as bearings, from contaminants and prevent lubricant leakage. Ongoing checks are essential to verify the integrity and effectiveness of shaft seals.

Shaft Sleeve: A protective sleeve installed over a conveyor shaft to enhance durability and prevent wear. Regular inspections are necessary to assess sleeve condition and ensure proper protection of the shaft.

Shaft Sprocket: A sprocket directly mounted on a conveyor shaft for power transmission. Periodic assessments are crucial to evaluate sprocket condition, alignment, and overall integrity.

Shaft Type: The specific design and configuration of a conveyor shaft, which may vary based on the intended application. Routine checks become imperative to assess shaft type and compatibility with conveyor components.

Shaft Vibration: The rhythmic or oscillating movement of a conveyor shaft extending beyond standard parameters. Continuous vigilance is essential to identify and rectify any heightened shaft vibration, ensuring the stability and dependability of the entire system.

Shafting: The comprehensive designation for all the shafts strategically employed throughout a conveyor system. Periodic evaluations are indispensable to gauge the condition, alignment, and holistic well-being of the entire shafting network within the conveyor.

Shear Pin: A purposefully designed pin meant to fracture under excessive loads, serving as a protective measure for conveyor components. Regular inspections are imperative to verify the presence and structural integrity of shear pins, assuring ongoing safeguarding.

Sheave: A meticulously grooved pulley wheel specifically crafted for transporting a v-belt. Consistent checks are crucial to validate the stability, alignment, and overall efficacy of sheaves in facilitating smooth belt movement.

Sheet Metal Guard: A defensive enclosure fashioned from sheet metal, dedicated to shielding conveyor components from external influences. Rigorous and systematic checks are fundamental to confirm the steadfastness, alignment, and overall efficacy of sheet metal guards in preserving the integrity of conveyor elements.

Short Center Conveyor: A conveyor characterized by a limited span between idlers, frequently employed in scenarios with confined spatial constraints. Regular assessments are imperative to secure optimal alignment, sustain idler health, and uphold the overall performance of the conveyor.

Side Channels: Structural elements designed to bolster and uphold the rollers situated on the lateral sides of the conveyor. Periodic inspections are vital to ascertain the robustness and alignment of side channels, ensuring the seamless functionality of the roller system.

Side Mount Drive: An integrated drive mechanism affixed to the lateral aspect of the conveyor, typically utilized in situations where minimal elevations are a prerequisite. Consistent checks are crucial to validate the efficient operation, lubrication, and overall alignment of side mount drives.

Side Rail: A supportive framework flanking the conveyor’s sides, serving to direct and confine transported materials. Routine examinations are essential to sustain the structural integrity, alignment, and safety attributes of side rails, ensuring optimal conveyor performance.

Side Roller: A specialized roller strategically positioned along the sides of the conveyor, dedicated to guiding and providing support to the conveyor belt. Ongoing inspections are vital to authenticate the condition and alignment of side rollers, safeguarding against potential deviations.

Side Tables: Sturdy steel platforms affixed to either side of the conveyor bed, offering a convenient working surface in close proximity to the conveyor. Regular checks are indispensable to ensure the stability, alignment, and effectiveness of side tables, facilitating efficient operational tasks.

Sieve Drive: A pioneering conveyor propulsion system deriving its power not from an autonomous prime source but ingeniously harnessed from a companion conveyor. This innovative drive mechanism interlinks conveyors, optimizing efficiency and reducing individual power dependencies. Regular evaluations are imperative to ensure seamless power transfer and sustained operational synergy.

Slider Bed Conveyor: An advanced conveyor variant featuring a streamlined, flat surface known as a slider bed, designed to adeptly support and transport diverse materials. Periodic examinations are crucial to gauge the condition and alignment of the slider bed, ensuring peak performance and longevity of the conveyor.

Slug Mode: An intelligent operational mode within a conveyor system where packages undergo automatic separation while traversing the conveyor route. This automated process enhances efficiency and precision in material handling. Continuous monitoring is essential to fine-tune and optimize slug mode functionality for flawless package separation.

Snub Idler: Versatile rollers strategically employed to augment the arc of contact between the conveyor belt and the drive pulley. These idlers play a pivotal role in enhancing traction and minimizing potential slippage. Regular inspections become indispensable to validate the optimal alignment and performance of snub idlers.

Snub Pulley:A specialized pulley intricately designed to amplify the wrap angle of the conveyor belt, significantly enhancing traction and grip. Regular checks are vital to ascertain precise snub pulley alignment, mitigating the risk of belt slippage and ensuring consistent operational reliability.

Soft Start:An ingenious mechanism ensuring a gradual acceleration of conveyor speed during the startup phase, mitigating stress and wear on components. Continuous monitoring is essential to preserve the efficacy of soft start systems, preventing abrupt starts and contributing to prolonged conveyor lifespan.

Sortation Conveyor: A cutting-edge conveyor engineered to categorize and organize products based on predetermined destinations. This sorting mechanism enhances logistics efficiency, reducing manual sorting requirements. Regular assessments are crucial to maintain the precision and effectiveness of sortation conveyors, ensuring accurate product segregation.

Spare Parts Optimization: The strategic management of spare parts inventory through the CMMS to ensure that critical components are available when needed. Spare parts optimization involves balancing stock levels, reducing excess inventory, and minimizing costs while maintaining operational readiness.

Speed Reducer: A sophisticated power transmission apparatus meticulously engineered to furnish controlled velocity to the driven equipment, ensuring it operates at a speed lower than that of the prime mover. Encased in a protective housing to safeguard lubricants and thwart the infiltration of extraneous elements, these reducers demand periodic assessments to sustain lubrication efficacy and avert foreign material ingress.

Speed Sensor: An integral sensory component seamlessly integrated into a conveyor system, tasked with precisely gauging the speed of the belt or other dynamic components. Regular calibrations and meticulous checks are imperative to uphold the accuracy of speed readings, contributing to the overarching operational efficiency of the system.

Spillage:The inadvertent release or escape of material from the conveyor, often triggering cleanup procedures and introducing potential hazards. Systematic inspections are indispensable to pinpoint and rectify factors contributing to spillage, ensuring a clean and hazard-free conveyor environment.

Splice: The juncture or linking point between two ends of a conveyor belt, necessitating routine inspections and meticulous repairs to fortify the structural integrity and resilience of the conveyor belt splices.

Splicing: The intricate artistry of seamlessly amalgamating two extremities of a conveyor belt, demanding a discerning application of specialized splicing techniques and fastidious inspections. This methodical approach ensures the genesis of sturdy and dependable connections within the conveyor belt, promoting its longevity and reliability.

Spool Conveyor: An ingenious conveyor manifestation where spools orchestrate the motion of O-rings, propelling rollers to facilitate the fluid movement of products along the conveyor route. The complex synergy among spools, O-rings, and rollers necessitates periodic assessments to guarantee optimal functionality, ensuring the uninterrupted conveyance of products.

Spring-Loaded Axle: A marvelously designed roller conveyor axle featuring ingenious spring-loaded attributes, allowing the facile removal of rollers from the conveyor sans the need for comprehensive disassembly. Routine checks are indispensable to validate the seamless operation of the spring-loaded axle, thereby streamlining efficient roller maintenance procedures.

Sprocket: An intricately toothed wheel seamlessly integrated into chain-driven conveyor systems, prompting the need for periodic evaluations to affirm its immaculate condition, precise alignment, and overarching functionality within the system.

Spur: A designated segment within a conveyor system strategically designated for the seamless diversion of unit loads to and from the mainline. Regular inspections stand as a cornerstone to guarantee the peak performance and unwavering reliability of this specialized spur section.

Stainless Steel Conveyor: A cutting-edge conveyor system meticulously fashioned from components of stainless steel, lauded for its unparalleled resistance to corrosion and exemplary durability. Stringent and unwavering maintenance practices are pivotal to repel corrosion, uphold hygiene standards, and elongate the operational life of these stainless steel conveyors.

Stand-Alone Conveyor: A self-sufficient conveyor system that functions independently without integration into a larger network. Regular checks become imperative to uphold the autonomy and unwavering reliability of the stand-alone conveyor, ensuring its seamless solo operation.

Standby Mode: An operational phase wherein a conveyor system temporarily remains inactive, poised to swiftly resume operation when the need arises. Routine checks are vital to guarantee the seamless transition between standby and active modes, contributing to operational efficiency.

Start-Up Sequence: The meticulously preordained series of actions executed when initiating the conveyor system. Consistent checks and vigilant monitoring are essential to orchestrate a flawlessly smooth and safe start-up sequence, averting potential issues like overload or misalignment.

Static Conductivity: The inherent capacity of conveyor components to disperse static electricity and thwart the accumulation of static charges. Periodic assessments are critical to sustain optimal conductivity, thus preventing static-related challenges within the conveyor system.

Strain Relief: A mechanical apparatus or contrivance deployed to alleviate tension and forestall excessive stress on electrical cables within the conveyor system. Regular inspections stand as a protective measure, ensuring proper strain relief mechanisms are in place to avert cable damage.

Support: The systematic arrangement of structural elements dedicated to preserving the elevation or alignment of conveyors. Supports may manifest as hangers, floor supports, or brackets, offering both stationary and portable configurations. Periodic inspections are crucial to uphold their effectiveness and ensure the overall stability of the conveyor system.

Switch: Any contrivance facilitating the connection of two or more adjacent package conveyor lines; often an electrical control device governing the flow of materials.




Tail End: The point of loading in any conveyor system where materials are introduced for transport.

Tail Pulley: A pulley system positioned at the tail end of a conveyor system, facilitating the return of the conveyor belt.

Take-Up: A mechanical structure designed to adjust the length of belts and chains, compensating for factors such as shrinkage, stretch, and wear, ensuring optimal tension.

Tangent:The straight segment following a curved conveyor, providing a transition between curved and straight sections.

Tapered Roller: A specialized conical conveyor roller designed for curved sections, featuring end and intermediate diameters proportional to their distance from the curve’s center.

Temperature Control: The systematic monitoring and regulation of conveyor component temperatures, particularly crucial in environments with extreme temperatures that can impact overall performance.

Tensioning: The process of adjusting belt tension to maintain proper operation, preventing issues like slipping or excessive wear, and ensuring optimal conveyor performance.

Throughput: The quantitative measure embodying the seamless flow of products or inventory processed through the intricate veins of a warehouse conveyor system, encapsulating its efficiency and productivity.

Torque: The vigilant act of inspecting and sustaining the rotational force within the drive components, including motors and gearboxes, orchestrating a harmonious symphony of efficient power transmission.

Total Load: The judiciously managed and distributed weight harmonizing across the entire length of the conveyor system, ensuring equilibrium and structural soundness.

Tracking: The artful operation guiding the conveyor belt along a predetermined path, akin to a navigator steering a vessel through precise waters.

Traffic Cop: A sophisticated sentinel device standing guard, poised to intercept and prevent the undesired impact of cartons as they elegantly make their entrance onto the conveyor stage.

Training Idlers: The guardians of alignment and functionality, ensuring the harmonious centering of the conveyor belt through their diligent oversight and meticulous training.

Transfer Points: The meticulously inspected and cleansed junctures where materials gracefully transition between conveyor belts, choreographed to prevent spillage and guarantee an uninterrupted transfer ballet.

Transition Zone: The meticulously maintained zone where the conveyor belt gracefully transitions from an incline to a horizontal path, a well-tuned area preventing material spillage and ensuring the smooth harmonious operation of the conveyor.

Transmission Chain:The observed and lubricated network of conveyor chains, ensuring wear prevention, friction reduction, and orchestrating the fluid, seamless movement of materials.

Trash Conveyor:The virtuoso conveyor system designed specifically to process and transport the silent aftermath of emptied boxes, providing a stage for their post-performance voyage.

Tread Plates: The elegant diamond-clad steel filler plates, gracing the gaps between rollers on roller conveyor, contributing both functionality and aesthetic finesse.

Tripod Support: The nimble three-legged stand, a supporting artist for small roller and skatewheel conveyors, effortlessly moved and aligned to maintain the conveyor’s graceful elevation.

Troubleshooting: The art of identifying and gracefully resolving issues or malfunctions in the conveyor system, ensuring the continuous flow of its operational performance.

Troughed Bed: The melodiously shaped belt conveyor, featuring a deep divot, dedicated to processing recyclable materials with finesse, from glass to metal, debris wood, and beyond.

Troughed Belt Conveyor: A conveyor with a belt elegantly sculpted into a melodious trough, cradling and transporting materials with a rhythmic flow.

Troughing: The routine inspection and maintenance of the troughing idlers and rollers, ensuring a balletic handling of materials and preventing any spillage faux pas.

Turnbuckle: A mechanical virtuoso with screw-threaded ends, the turnbuckle orchestrates tension and structural harmony within the conveyor system.

Turning Wheel: he wheel-mounted maestro on an adjustable bracket, ensuring the proper orientation of packages in a seamless conveyor performance.

Turntable: The rotating bed, the centerpiece for transferring packages from one conveyor system to another, orchestrating a fluid dance of materials.

Two-Pulley Hitch:A special transition section, choreographed like a serenade, gracefully moving products from horizontal positioning to incline in a harmonious conveyor performance.




UW-PE (Ultra-High-Molecular-Weight Polyethylene): A durable and low-friction material used in conveyor components to reduce wear and enhance material flow. Periodic inspections are necessary to assess the condition and effectiveness of UHMW-PE components in the conveyor system.

Under-Belt Clearance: The vertical space between the conveyor belt and the components beneath it, such as pulleys or supports. Regular measurements and adjustments are essential to ensure adequate under-belt clearance, preventing issues like material jams.

Underground Conveyor: A conveyor system positioned below the Earth’s surface, commonly utilized in mining or tunneling contexts. Ensuring regular maintenance is essential to uphold the dependability and safety of underground conveyors functioning in demanding environments.

Underside Bed Cover: Metal sheeting employed to shield the lower side of a conveyor.

Underside Take-Up: A take-up segment situated beneath the bed of a belt conveyor.

Under-Tensioning: The condition in which a conveyor belt is insufficiently tensioned, leading to sagging or inadequate support. Regular assessments are required to prevent under-tensioning and ensure optimal belt tension for efficient material handling.

Unload Area: The designated region in a conveyor system where materials are systematically removed or offloaded. Regular inspections and upkeep are imperative to ensure the efficiency of material unloading processes and to prevent bottlenecks or disruptions.

Unload Chute: A channel or passage designed for the controlled discharge of materials from the conveyor. Routine checks are necessary to prevent blockages, ensure proper alignment, and maintain the integrity of the unload chute.

Unload Station: A designated area along the conveyor line where materials are unloaded or transferred. Periodic inspections are necessary to maintain the functionality, safety, and efficiency of the unload station.

Upender: A conveyor accessory or system designed to rotate materials from a horizontal to a vertical position or vice versa. Regular inspections and lubrication are essential to ensure the smooth operation and safety of upender devices.

Upset Conveyor: A specialized conveyor used to invert or flip materials for processing or inspection purposes. Consistent maintenance checks are crucial to uphold the functionality, alignment, and safety features of upset conveyors.

Upstream: The direction opposite to the material flow within a conveyor system. Maintenance checks in the upstream section are essential to detect and address issues that might impede the smooth movement of materials downstream.

Urethane Lagging: Application of a layer of urethane material to pulley surfaces to enhance grip and reduce slipping with the conveyor belt. Regular inspections are crucial to maintain the effectiveness of urethane lagging, preventing issues like belt slippage.

Urethane:A versatile material commonly used in conveyor components, known for its resilience, abrasion resistance, and chemical stability. Periodic assessments are necessary to ensure the integrity and functionality of urethane-based parts in the conveyor system.

U-Trough: A conveyor configuration resembling the shape of the letter “U,” commonly used for handling bulk materials. Routine checks are essential to ensure the structural integrity, alignment, and material flow efficiency of U-trough conveyors.




V-Belt: A type of power transmission belt with a trapezoidal cross-section, commonly used in conveyor systems.

Variable Frequency Drive (VFD): An electronic device used to control the speed of motors in conveyor systems, optimizing energy efficiency and performance.

V-Guide: A feature on conveyor belts that provides tracking assistance by fitting into a V-shaped groove on the conveyor pulleys.

Vendor Relationship Management: The systematic coordination of interactions with external vendors and service providers within the CMMS. Vendor relationship management includes maintaining communication, tracking performance, and ensuring timely procurement of conveyor system components.

Ventilation: The process of ensuring proper airflow and cooling for conveyor components, preventing overheating and optimizing performance.

Vertical Curve: A curved section in a conveyor system that changes the conveyor’s elevation, requiring specialized maintenance considerations.

Vibration Analysis: The practice of monitoring and analyzing vibrations in conveyor components to detect potential issues and prevent equipment failure.

Visual Inspection: A routine check of conveyor components using visual cues to identify signs of wear, misalignment, or damage.

Vulcanization: The process of bonding or fusing rubber components, such as conveyor belts, using heat and pressure for repair or maintenance purposes.




Wear Strip: A protective component, often made of plastic or other materials, installed on conveyor surfaces to reduce friction and prevent wear.

Weighing System: An incorporated system within a conveyor designed to assess the weight of transported materials, commonly employed for purposes such as quality control or inventory management.

Welding: The process of joining metal components through the application of heat and pressure, often used in conveyor system repairs.

Wheel Conveyor: A type of conveyor system that uses wheels to transport materials, commonly used in gravity conveyor setups.

Wire Rope Conveyor Belt: A type of conveyor belt that utilizes wire ropes for reinforcement, providing strength and durability.

Wiper Blade: A device used to clean debris and material residue from the surface of conveyor belts, ensuring smooth operation and preventing contamination.

Work Order Automation: The utilization of the CMMS to automate the creation, assignment, and tracking of maintenance work orders for the conveyor system. This automation enhances communication, efficiency, and accountability in maintenance activities.

Workforce Management and Tracking: Utilizing the CMMS to manage and track the workforce involved in conveyor system maintenance. This includes assigning tasks, monitoring progress, and documenting the skills and certifications of maintenance personnel.

Work Platform: An elevated surface or structure built adjacent to a conveyor for maintenance personnel to access and perform inspections or repairs.

Wrap Angle: The angle formed between the conveyor belt and a pulley, affecting traction and belt performance. Regular monitoring is essential to maintain optimal wrap angles.









Zone Control: A feature in conveyor systems where different zones of the conveyor can be controlled independently, allowing for better energy efficiency and product handling.

Zero-Pressure Accumulating Conveyor: A conveyor system meticulously engineered to eradicate any pressure or force exerted between closely positioned products.










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